Have you ever thought about what goes into your morning coffee? On the 1st of October each year, the world comes together to celebrate this wonderful beverage and recognise the millions of people who work hard to create and serve us the second most popular drink in the world!
Coffee has never been more popular, with an estimated 3 billion cups consumed every day. Aussies love their coffee, in fact 27% of people have indicated they cannot survive the day without it. Additionally, 75% of Aussies enjoy at least one cup of coffee per day, and of those, 28% have three or more cups per day! Now that’s a coffee lover.
Coffee is more than a drink for some – it’s a way of life. Nowadays, you’ll hear many people say “shall we meet up for a coffee?”. The drink’s increasing popularity means that there are now more and more ways available to consume it. Before your coffee reaches your hands, there are several stages that go into refining it from ‘bean to cup’:
Did you know that coffee starts out as tiny red cherries which are commonly picked by hand?
This stage removes the pulp from the coffee cherries after harvesting to prepare them for drying.
The berries are dried out in the sun for between 6-7 days.
Once dried out, the beans are categorised according to size, where and at what altitude it was grown and how it was prepared and picked.
Coffee starts out green and turns brown during the roasting process. It is this process that gives the bean its flavour and aroma.
Coffee cupping is the official term used for determining the flavour profile of coffee such as the sweetness, acidity, balance and flavour.
The most important stage of all is enjoying your cup of coffee – this part is in your hands!
When it comes to grabbing your daily cup of joy, do you know what makes your cup different from the others? Not sure what the difference between a long mac and a cappuccino is? We’ve decoded the various types of coffee out there so you can get clued-up on the what’s what of coffee.
Espresso (also known as a short black)
This is commonly the foundation for many of the coffee types, however it is commonly enjoyed on its own with no milk or extras added for a concentrated caffeine hit. The coffee is ground finely and packed tightly with a small amount of nearly boiling water forced through under pressure.
A long black delivers one of the biggest caffeine hits and is made with by combining hot water with two shots of espresso.
The cappuccino is popular and comes with multiple layers adding extra taste and texture. The first layer is made up of espresso, followed by a shot of steamed milk, topped off with a 2-3cm layer of foamy milk and dusted with chocolate powder. The milk counters the bitter coffee taste and the foam makes it easy to drink.
Lattes contain one or more shots of coffee depending on the size you order, with foamed milk poured over the top but only 1cm of foam on top in comparison to a cappuccino. If you’re not a regular coffee drinker, this one is a good option for you as the milk hides the bitterness of the coffee. Side note: order this one as a ‘café latte’ if you visit Italy, as ordering a simple latte will result in a glass of milk.
The piccolo Latte is for those who haven’t quite acquired the taste of a straight espresso and are looking for a dash of sweetness. It’s made by adding a small amount on foamed milk on top of an espresso shot.
This one can vary depending on your location, however it is traditionally similar to an espresso but with a dollop of steamed milk and foam to soften the harsh taste of an espresso.
A long macchiato is the same as a short macchiato but with a double shot of espresso. This one can differ between states in Australia and is often served as a double shot Flat White in WA.
This one is found primarily in Australia and New Zealand and is a twist on the Italian coffee. Similar to the Latte, a flat white is made with an espresso shot and milk, with the difference being the texture of the milk. A latte will use frothy or foamy milk, while a flat white uses the smoother milk and no micro-foam often found lower down in the milk jug and resulting in a smoother consistency and texture.
The Mocha is a bit sweeter than most coffees and only has a hint of the coffee taste making this one a popular one for first time coffee drinkers. This one is essentially a latte (a shot of coffee with steamed milk poured over the top and 2-3cm of micro-foam on top) with chocolate powder or syrup added.
Cold Brew Coffee
This method of brewing doesn’t use hot water but instead uses cold water over a long period of time. Cold-brew coffee, however, is made by steeping coarsely ground coffee beans in room-temperature water for 6-12 hours.
Iced coffee is brewed hot and served cold by using the traditional brewing method and then cooling it before serving using ice.
What’s your go-to coffee?